페이스북 트위터 이메일 인쇄

KCMGN

Establishment and Operation

Background and Purpose

Geographical names in the Republic of Korea fell under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee on Geographical Names, but with the launching of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF) in 1996, the necessity of establishing a committee on marine geographical names, that is one of IHO’s recommendations, was suggested. As a result, the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names (KCMGN) was established on July 1, 2002.

According to Article 91, Clause 1 and 6 of “Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records” and Article 96 of the Enforcement Decree of the same act, the KCMGN was opened and has been operated jointly with the existing Central Committee on Geographical Names.

The KCMGN belongs to the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries in order to establish and change geographical names and marine geographic names as well as review and resolve important matters about them. MOF’s KHOA continues to conduct research and studies on marine geographical names to standardize them in Korea. When KHOA reviews and resolves matters on marine geographical names, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries makes an announcement to formalize the marine geographical names. Moreover, to facilitate international exchanges and cooperation, this administration is aggressively moving forward with external activities including registration with the gazetteer of IHO’s Sub-Committee on Undersea Feature Names (SCUFN).

Organization
  • The Chairman can separate and operate the committee in order to establish geographical names and marine geographical names if necessary.
  • Geographical name (under the National Geographic Information Institute)
    • Vice Chairman : 1 person, Director General of the National Geographic Information Institute
    • 9 members : Appointed pursuant to Article 87, Clause 3, No. 1 to 5 of the Enforcement Decree of “Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records”
    • Within 9 professional members : Appointed pursuant to Article 87, Clause 3, No. 6 of the Enforcement Decree of “Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records”
  • Marine geographical names (under KHOA)
    • Vice Chairman: 1 person, Director General of KHOA)
    • 9 members : Appointed pursuant to Article 87, Clause 3, No. 1 to 5 of the Enforcement Decree of “Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records”
    • Within 9 professional members : Appointed pursuant to Article 87, Clause 3, No. 6 of the Enforcement Decree of “Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records”
KHOA Functions Relevant to Marine Geographical Names
  • Establish and change marine geographical names.
  • Research, study, overhaul marine geographical names and make plans for them.
  • Perform international exchanges and cooperation on the research, studies and recognition of marine geographical names.
  • Requirements needed to develop research and technology related to marine geographical names.
Flow Chart to Standardize Domestic Marine Geographical Names
  • KCMGN reviews ‘marine geographical names’
    • Field survey
    • Minister of Oceans and Fisheries announces marine geographical names
    • Standardize domestic marine geographical names
    • Register marine geographical names in international organizations

Definition and Classification of Marine Geographical Names

Definition

Marine geographical names cover name of naturally formed oceans, straits, bays, creeks and watercourses, as well as of submarine topographical features such as a reef, a bank, a submarine canyon, a basin, a seamount, a seamount chain, an oceanic ridge, and a trench (under Article 2 of the Waterway Service Act.)

Classification

According to the Guideline for Standardization of Marine Geographical Names, marine geographical names are largely divided into sea surface and undersea features names.

  • Sea surface names

The sea surface names are related to terrains on the sea level, such as oceans, straits, bays, creeks, and watercourses.

  • Type and Classification
Type and Classification
Korean Chinese English Note
대양 大洋 ocean -
바다 sea -
해협 海峽 strait Include sound
수도 水道 channel Include passage, canal, gut, narrow
rock 바위
암붕 岩棚 ledge -
해만 海灣 gulf -
bay -
개만 開灣 bight -
creek -
  • Undersea features names

The undersea features names are divided into 42 categories, including features such as reefs, banks, canyons, basins, and seamounts.
* The undersea features names written in the IHO/IOC Gazetteer are divided into 53 categories; that is to say that 11 names are irrelevant to our submarine geographical names.

해상지명의 종류 및 분류
Division Korean Chinese English
1 기요 - guyot, tablemount
1 단열대 斷裂帶 fracture zone
3 대륙 경계지 大陸境界地 borderland
4 대륙대 大陸帶 continental rise
5 대륙붕 大陸棚 shelf, continental shelf
6 대륙붕단 大陸棚斷 shelf-edge, shelf break
7 대륙 사면 大陸斜面 slope, continental slope
8 대륙 주변부 大陸周邊部 continental margin
9 모래톱 - shoal
10 모우트 - moat
11 - sill
12 심해 구릉 深海丘陵 abyssal hill(s)
13 심해 평원 深海平原 abyssal plain
14 안부 鞍部; saddle
15 에이프런 - apron, archipelagic apron
16 중앙 열곡 中央裂谷 median valley
17 reef
18 칼데라 - caldera
19 해각 海脚 spur
20 해곡 海谷 trough, oceanic trough
21 해구 海溝 trench
22 해령 海嶺 oceanic ridge, oceanic rise
23 해봉 海峰 peak
24 해저 간극 海底間隙 passage, Gap
25 해저 계곡 海底溪谷 valley, submarine valley
26 해저곶 海底串 promontory
27 해저 구릉 海底丘陵 hill(s)
28 해저 놀 海底 knoll
29 해저 단구 海底段丘 submarine terrace
30 해저 대지 海底臺地 plateau
31 해저 분지 海底盆地 basin
32 해저산/해산 海底山/海山 seamount(s)
33 해저 산맥 海底山脈 seamount chain
34 해저 선상지 海底扇狀地 fan, cone
35 해저 수로 海底水路 seachannel
36 해저 융기부 海底隆起部 rise, ridge
37 해저 절벽 海底絶壁 escarpment, scarp
38 해저 제방 海底堤防 levee
39 해저혈 海底穴 hole
40 해저 협곡 海底峽谷 canyon, submarine canyon
41 해첨 海尖 pinnacle

Future Plans

Domestic Standardization of Marine Geographical Names

The project for the standardization of marine geographical names continues to be performed pursuant to the “Guideline for the Standardization of Marine Geographical Names”.

  • Establish new marine geographical names
    Analyze and review relevant data on bottom topography (seamounts, basins, etc.), reefs, and rocks, among others without names and then establish new names.
  • Propel the data base of marine geographical names
    Compile and systematically manage the database of marine geographical names through forging marine geographical name management systems, and then provide users with the data on the Internet.
  • Strengthen promotion
    Aggressively enhance the promotion so that the entire people can use the standardized Korean marine geographical names.
International Standardization of Marine Geographical Names
  • Corroborate data on marine geographical names for international standardization to organizations related to marine geographical names, such as the United Nations Conferences on the Standardization of Geographical Names (UNCSGN), the International Hydrographic Organization, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and so forth.
  • Move forward with correcting errors in marking ocean features
    Bolster international awareness about the wrong use of marine geographical names on maps and nautical charts published nowadays in some countries, and with respect to the different names in the same seas between neighboring countries, actively propel markings in accordance with the principle of the international standardization of marine geographical names.
Forward International Exchanges and Cooperation Regarding Marine Geographical Names

Understand international trends and aim at human interchange by steadily attending international conferences, such as UN and IHO/IOC led conventions, regarding marine geographical names.

Represent Korean stance along with PR activities for marine geographical names by presenting our opinions at every international conference and developing global collaboration.

Support Internal and External Research Regarding Marine Geographical Names

Support research activities with regard to marine geographical names, including holding academic meetings and seminars.
Attract international conferences related to marine geographical names and actively support related meetings.

Receive established and changed marine geographical names and collect data.

Some of marine geographical names currently used in Korea are not consistent, that is, they are named differently by different entities. This can give rise to problems with communication and interests between users. Thus, the standardization of marine geographical names is of great importance.

If you have found new information, or some marine geographical names used differently or left out from nautical charts and ocean passage pilots, please fill out an application form for review and submit it to the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names. Furthermore, if you provide bibliographies, including historical documents, nautical charts, and maps, related to marine geographical names, it will be very helpful in standardizing marine geographical names.

Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names Contact Information
  • Tel. 051-400-4343 / Fax. 051-400-4194
  • e-mail : infokhoa@korea.kr
Documents related to the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names
(download the attachment)
Documents related to the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names (download the attachment)
Detailed Rules on the Operation of the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names Detailed Rules on the Operation of the Korea Committee on Marine Geographical Names
Application Form for Review of Marine Geographical Names Application Form for Review of Marine Geographical Names
Guideline for the Standardization of Marine Geographical Names Guideline for the Standardization of Marine Geographical Names
Notice of Marine Geographical Names
(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries 2002 - 2005 Data)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries 2002 - 2005 Data)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names
(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2006 – 2005, 29/12/2006)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2006 – 2005, 29/12/2006)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names
(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2007-83)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names<br>(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2007-83)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names
(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2007-161)
Notice of Marine Geographical Names<br>(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries Vol. No. 2007-161)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names
(Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No. 13)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names (Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No. 13)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names
(Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No. 2008-705)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names (Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No. 2008-705)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names
(Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No.2009-1313)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names (Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No.2009-1313)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names
(Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No.2010-1012)
Establishment of Marine Geographical Names (Former Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs No.2010-1012)
Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-1 Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-1
Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-5 Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-5
Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-11 Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2012-11
Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2013-6 Notice of Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration No.2013-6
Contact
International Cooperation Team
Phone number
+82-51-400-4340